Research - Christopher C. Gibbs College of Architecture



We imagine a future in which all communities are resilient and empowered to maximize their social, economic and environmental well-being. Our research in the areas of social and environmental equity; community health and housing; resilient planning, design and construction; and data and digital design supports this vision for the future and prepares our students to make life-long contributions in their fields.


We care deeply about constantly re-imagining great cities that support social and environmental equity. To accomplish this, our faculty explore important issues like rural food systems, racial disparities in homeownership, neighborhood revitalization, Main Street revitalization, historic preservation and providing children access to natural environments in urban areas.

Recent News


Urban Design

Portrait of Hans ButzerHans



Regional + City Planning

C. Aujean

Regional + City Planning


Landscape Architecture


Environmental Design


Regional + City Planning


Construction Science

Deborah RichardsDeborah



Regional + City Planning


Regional + City Planning

Students working on Design-Build Project

By exploring intersections between the built environment and community health and housing, we make a difference. Recent projects have looked at how residents understand hope in their communities, building beautiful, accessible housing for low-income residents, and integrating neuroscience into design.

Recent News


Interior Design


Construction Science


Construction Science



Marjorie CallahanMarjorie




Natalie EllisNatalie

Interior Design


Environmental Design




Environmental Design


Interior Design


Regional + City Planning






Urban Design


Landscape Architecture

Fears Lab--Concrete

Working at the leading edges of our disciplines, we are helping secure a resilient future for our built environments and communities. Whether engineering timber construction that withstands severe weather, designing new clips for solar panels, or responsive, sustainable facades, our faculty are dedicated to seeking solutions.

Recent News


Landscape Architecture








Architecture/Interior Design



Somik GhoshSomik

Construction Science



Leehu LoonLeehu

Landscape Architecture


Construction Science




We put data analytics and digital design practices to work, allowing for more efficient construction processes, more sustainable buildings, and designs that are responsive to users’ needs. Our faculty use computational design to produce solutions to complex problems, model acoustical environments, and explore and refine designs using virtual reality programs.

Recent News






Construction Science

Image of Elizabeth Pober, croppedElizabeth

Interior Design

Tiziana ProiettiTiziana


Deborah RichardsDeborah


Herb Greene's Prairie House

Prairie House. Herb Greene.
Photo: Julius Shulman

The American School

The American School Project strives to document and share the development and impacts of the school of design and practice that developed at the University of Oklahoma in the 1950s and ’60s.

More Info

Center for Middle Eastern Architecture and Culture

Center for Middle Eastern
Architecture and Culture

CMEAC seeks to advance knowledge of the Middle Eastern built environment and culture for its intellectual and academic values.

More Info

Center for
Peace and Development

The CPD builds upon a legacy of collaborative partnerships between OU faulty and students and communities affected by conflict in northern Uganda.

More Info


Institute for Quality Communities

The IQC is a forum for researchers, students and local leaders to collaborate in an effort to enhance Oklahoma communities through projects centered on placemaking and tactical urbanism.

More Info

Dr. Damien Sojoyner (left) and Dr. Sabina Vaught (right) during "Contested Archives: Black Communal Strategies Against the Carceral State," held at the University of Oklahoma on Nov. 5, 2019.

Carceral Studies Consortium

The Carceral Studies Consortium brings together faculty, staff and students across colleges at the University of Oklahoma to cultivate rigorous scholarship and community engagement toward social transformation in the broad area of Carceral Studies.

More Info

The Creating_Making Forum

Since 2010, the Christopher C. Gibbs College of Architecture has hosted two scholarly conferences on the theme of Creating_Making. Scholars from all over the U.S. and abroad gathered to address interdisciplinary, contemporary and historical issues of creating and making. The next Creating_Making Forum will take place in Spring 2020, and will explore creating_making pedagogies in conjunction with the 2020 American School exhibition at the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art. To request more information about the Creating_Making Forum, contact Angela Person (

2010 Creating_Making Forum

The 2010 Creating/Making Forum was held in conjunction with the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art’s “Bruce Goff: A Creative Mind” exhibition and featured peer-reviewed paper sessions titled: Design Education and Tacit Knowledge; Digital Creating and Making; Community Engagement; The Found Object; Innovation, Interdisciplinarity and the Environment; Interpreting Architecture; and History Reframed, as well as a juried poster session. Keynote speakers at the 2010 Forum were Sheila Kennedy, Craig Borum, and Marlon Blackwell. To view the conference proceedings, click here (PDF).

2014 Creating_Making Forum

The 2014 Creating/Making Forum featured peer-reviewed  paper sessions titled: Do the Tools Matter; Lessons From Home; Fabricating Political Capital; Working  Within Others’ Walls; Defining the Dash; Mid-Century Modern and the Landscape; Sourcing Creativity; and Towards a New Studio Environment, as well as a juried poster session. Keynote speakers at the 2010 Forum were Hans ButzerRobert Fishman, Andrew Freear, E.B. Min, and Kirsten Murray, and Min and Murray led a student workshop as part of the 2014 Forum. To view the full conference proceedings, click here (PDF).

Recent Publications


Butko, D. J. (2019). “Summer sOUnd lab data collection: teaching acoustical options for a multipurpose space through active quantifiable data exploration.” POMA  – the Acoustical Society of America online journal. Abstract

Harris, J.C., & Little, S. (2019). “Mapping Hope: How Do Vulnerable Youth Locate Hope in Informal Settlements?”. Urban Forum. Abstract

Pierce, J., Lawhon, M., McCreary, T. (2019). “From precarious work to obsolete labour? Implications of technological disemployment for geographical scholarship.” Geografiska Annaler Series B: Human Geography. Abstract


Allen, D., Lawhon, M., & Pierce, J. (2018). Placing Race: On the Resonance of Place with Black Geographies. Progress in Human Geography, 20(10), 1 – 19. Abstract

Bozorgi, K. (2018). “Desert Utopia: The Hidden Unity of Iranian Architecture Conceptualization behind the Making of a Documentary Film.” American International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 4, No. 2, 15-30. Abstract

Cox, A., Loebach, J., & Little, S. (2018). Understanding the Nature Play Milieu: Using Behavior Mapping to Investigate Children’s Activities in Outdoor Play Spaces. Children, Youth and Environments, 28(2), 232-261. Abstract

Greenlee, A., Jackson, A., Garcia, I., Lee, C. A., Chrisinger, B. (2018). “Where are we going? Where have we been?: The Climate for Diversity within Urban Planning Educational Programs.” Journal of Planning Education and Research. doi: 10.1177/0739456X18815740.

Harris, J. C. (2018). “What are the land delivery and land holding mechanisms for African informal light manufacturing clusters.” Urban Forum. Abstract

Jackson, A., Garcia, I., Greenlee, A. J., Lee, C. A., Chrisinger, B. (2018). “All Talk No Walk: Student Perceptions on Integration of Diversity and Practice in Planning Programs.” Planning Practice and Research. doi: 10.1080/02697459.2018.1548207

Lee, C. A. (2018). “Heterogeneity in Income: Effects of Racial Concentration on Foreclosures in Los Angeles.” Housing Policy Debate. Abstract

Lee, C. A. & Ong, P. (2018). “Extending the Kim Methodology: Using the Prominent Ethnic Surname Methodology to Examine Asian American Ethnic Groups.” Asian American Policy Review, 28, 17-32.

Lee, C. Aujean (2019). Investing in Non-White Spaces, Boston, MA: Public Health Post. Public Health Post. Abstract

Little, S. E., Derr, V. (In press). “The influence of nature on a child’s development: Connecting the outcomes of human attachment and place attachment.” Springer International Handbooks of Education. Research Handbook on ChildhoodNature: Assemblages of Childhood and Nature Research. Abstract 

Little, S. E., Loebach, J., Cox, A., Eubanks Owens, P. (In press). Routledge Handbook for Designing Public Places for Young People: Design Practices, Processes and Policies for Youth Inclusion Routledge.

Lawhon, M., Pierce, J., Bouwer, R. (2018). “Scale and the construction of environmental imaginaries in local news.” South African Geographical Journal 100(1) 1-21. Abstract

Lawhon, M., Pierce, J., Makina, A. (2018). “Provincializing urban appropriation: agonistic transgression as a mode of actually existing appropriation in South African cities.” Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 39(1) 117-131. Abstract

Perez, A., Ghosh, S. (2018). “Barriers Faced by New-Adopter of Last Planner System®: A Case Study.” Journal of  Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 25, No. 9, 1110-1126. Abstract

Perrenoud, A. J. (2018). “Delphi Approach to Identifying Best Practices for Succession Planning within Construction Firms.” International Journal of Construction Education and Research, DOI: 10.1080/15578771.2018.1544950. Abstract

Perrenoud, A. J. (2018). “Assessment of Electrical Contractors’ Perception and Practices with Project Risk Management.” The Professional Constructor, Vol. 43, No. 02, 47-58. Abstract

Pierce, J., Lawhon, M. (2018). “The right to move: informal use rights and urban practices of mobility.” Urban Geography, 39(5) 667-686. Abstract

Pierce, J. (2018). “Sustainability, justice, and the problem of scale: place-making as a “multi-scalar fix” in urban environmental politics.” SAGE Handbook of Nature, Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publishers. Abstract

Ramseyer, C., Floyd, R., Holliday, L. M. (In press). “Performance of Enhanced Residential Building Code Requirements During the March 25, 2015 Moore Tornado.” ASCE Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. Abstract 

Salary, S., Holliday, L., Keesee, M., & Wachter, H. P. (2018). “Building Features in Schools That Influence Academic Performance.” Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture 12 (2018) 163-197. Abstract/Full article (PDF)

Sasendran, A., Bigelow, B. F., Rybkowski, Z., Jourdan, D. (2018). “Construction Disputes in The United States and The United Kingdom: A Comparison.” The Professional Constructor, Vol. 43, No. 2, 39-46. Abstract

Shadravan, S., Ramseyer, C. C. (2018). “Investigation of Wood Shear Walls Subjected to Lateral Load.” Elsevier-Structures, Vol. 16, 82-96. Abstract

Wu, W., Mayo, G., McCuen, T. L., Issa, R. R., Smith, D. (In press). “Building Information Modeling Body of Knowledge Part I:  Background, Framework & Initial Development.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. Abstract  

Wu, W., Mayo, G., McCuen, T. L., Issa, R. R., Smith, D. (2018). “Building Information Modeling Body of Knowledge II:  Consensus Building and Use Cases.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. Abstract

Zhou, L., Wu, Y., Woodfin, T., Zhu, R. and Chen, T. (2018). An Approach to Evaluate Comprehensive Plan and Identify Priority Lands for Future Land Use Development to Conserve More Ecological Values. Sustainability. Abstract


Barrett, C. J. (2017). “Founder’s Concepts of Space in the First Bastides.” Abel, M., ed. Medieval Urban Planning: The Monastery and Beyond. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Bhattacharjee, S., Langar, S., Everett., B. (2017). “Assessing the Resilience of LEED Certified Facilities in Oklahoma.” Volz, J., ed. AEI 2017: Resilience of the Integrated Building, 1007-1018.

Bigelow, B. F., Zarate, V., Soto, J., Arenas, J., Perrenoud, A. J. (2017). “Attracting and Retaining Tradesmen, an Evaluation of Influencers on Construction workers in Two Different Trades in Texas.” International Journal of Construction Education and Research. Abstract 

Bigelow, B. F., Saseendran, A., Elliott, J. (2017). “Attracting Students to Construction Education Programs; An Exploration of Perceptions By Gender.” International Journal of Construction Education and Research. Abstract 

Burgett, J. M., Perrenoud, A. J., Smith, J. P. (2017). “Identification and Prioritization of Critical Subject Matter within Mechanical Systems Curriculum in Construction Management Education.” International Journal of Construction Education and Research. Abstract 

Cavieres, A., Al-Haddad, T., Goodman, J., & Valdes, F. (2017). U.S. Patent No. 9571031. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. “Mounting Clips for (Solar) Panel Installation.”

Coffman, R., Fithian, L., Akins, E. (2017). “Deploying shipping containers for innovative living architecture design education.” Living Architecture Monitor, Vol. 4, No. 2, 16. Abstract/Full Article (PDF) 

Davine, T., Lawhon, M., Pierce, J. (2017). “Place-making at a national scale: framing tar sands extraction as ‘Canadian’ in The Globe and Mail.” The Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe Canadien 61(3) 428-439. Abstract

Elliott, J. W., Thevinin, M., Bigelow, B. F. (2017). “Promoting CM Student Success: Establishing an Academic Performance Benchmark Given Construction –Education Self Efficacy, Motivation and Planned Behavior.” International Journal of Construction Education and Research. Abstract 

Fithian, L. A., Wang, N., Siddique, Z. “Investing in Sustainable Buildings to Enhance Community Resilience.” Vols, J., ed. AEI 2017: Resilience of the Integrated Building, 1034-1043.

Ghosh, S., Dieckerson, D. E., Mills, T. (2017). “Effect of the Last Planner System® on Social Interactions among Project Participants.” International Journal of Construction Education and Research. Abstract 

Ghosh, S. (2017). “Using Percent Complete Metric to Highlight the Root Causes of Delays in Home Building Industry.” The Professional Constructor. Article (PDF) 

Harris, J. C. (2017). “Vulnerable youth’s perspectives and priorities for informal settlements: Photovoice evidence from Lusaka, Zambia.” Journal of Planning Education and Research. Abstract 

Lee, C. A. (2017). “’Between the Haves and Have-Nots’: Using an Interdisciplinary Approach to Inform Federal Data Collection Efforts of Indigenous Populations.” The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 8(2).

Lee, C. A., Karna Wong, and Deirdre Pfeiffer. (2017). “On the Front Lines of Immigrant Homeownership: Asian American Nonprofits during the Great Recession.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. doi: 10.1177/0899764017713726.

Lines, B. C., Perrenoud, A. J., Sullivan, K. T., Kashiwagi, D. T. (2017). “Implementing Project Delivery Process Improvements: Identification of Resistance Types and Frequencies.” Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 1. Abstract 

Perrenoud, A. J., Lines, B. C., Savicky, J., Sullivan, K. T. (2017). “Using Best-Value Procurement to Measure the Impact of Initial Risk-Management Capability on Qualitative Construction Performance.” ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 5. Abstract 

Pierce, J., Martin, D.G. (2017). “The law is not enough: seeking the theoretical frontier of urban justice via legal tools.” Urban Studies 54(2) 456-465. Abstract

Pierce, J., Widen, H. (2017). “Visceral pedagogy: teaching challenging topics emotionally as well as cognitively.” Journal of Geography 116(2) 47-56. Abstract

Pilat, S. (2017). “Slow Architecture: Production in Postwar Italian Housing.” Journal of Architectural Education 71(1) 2017. Abstract

Shadravan, S., Ramseyer, C. C. (2017). “Torsional Bracing of Cold-Formed, Roof Systems.” AEI , ASCE. Abstract 

Shadravan, S., Reyes, M. D., Butko, D. J., Holliday, L. M., Hines, K. R., Huizar, J. (2017). “Sustainability of Compressed Earth Block Construction: Comparative Analysis of Compressed Stabilized Earth Block and Traditional Wood Framed Single Family Residences.” AEI ASCE, pp. 368 – 374. Abstract 

Shelbourn, M., Macdonald, J., McCuen, T. L., Lee, S. (2017). “Students’ perceptions of BIM education in the higher education sector:  A UK and US perspective.” Industry and Higher Education, Vol. 31, No. 5, 293-304. Abstract 

Sindhu, J., Choi, K., Lavy, S., Rybkowski, Z., Bigelow, B. F., Li, W. (2017). “Effects of Front-End Planning under Fast-Tracked Project Delivery Systems for Industrial Projects.” International Journal of Construction Education and Research. Abstract 

Trachtenberg, Z., Castro, A. J., Gates, K. K., Randall, A. R., Schlupp, I. B., Soreghan, G. S., Theriault, N. W., Wieters, K. M. (2017). “(Inter)facing the Anthropocene: How to Represent an Interdisciplinary Interaction.” Resilience: A Journal of the Environmental Humanities, Vol. 5, No. 1, 18-38. Preview 

Wachter, H.-P. (2017). “Cognitive Health, Education and Adult Development.” Journal of Education and Human Development.

Williams, O.R., Pierce, J. “Inserting scales of urban politics: the possibilities of meso-urban government shims.” Urban Geography 38(6) 795-812. Abstract

Zhou, L., Shen, G., Woodfin T. (2017). “Ecological and economic impacts of green roofs and permeable pavements at the city level: the case of Corvallis, Oregon.” Journal of Environmental Planning & Management, Vol. 61, No. 3, 430-450. Abstract



Asadi, S., Fakhari, M., Fayaz, R., Mahdaviparsa, A. (2016). “The Effects of Solar Chimney Layout on Ventilation Rate in Buildings.” Energy and Buildings, Vol. 123, 71-78. Abstract

Barrett, C. J. (2016). “Origins of the French Bastides.” Journal of Urban History, online, 1-36. Republished Journal of Urban History Vol. 44, No. 3, 421-456. Abstract 

Frantz, R. H. (2016). “Rebuilding Oklahoma City: The Development of Automobile Alley in the Wake of the Bombing.” Social Science Quarterly. Abstract 

Harris, J. C. (2016). “Joint Action in Nairobi’s Informal Production Clusters.” International Development Planning Review, Vol 38, No. 3, 317-337. Abstract 

Harris, J. C. (2016). “What are the slum upgrading priorities of vulnerable youth in a city of young people.” Journal of Planning Education and Research.

Holliday, L. M. (2016). “Collapse of a Historic Adobe Wall.” Journal of Structural Integrity and Maintenance, Vol. 1, No. 1, 18-21. Abstract 

Holliday, L. M., Ramseyer, C., Reyes, M. D., Butko, D. J. (2016). “Building with Compressed Earth Block within the Building Code.” ASCE Journal of Architectural Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 30. Abstract 

Hosseini, M. Reza, Banihashemi, S., Chileshe, N., Namzadi, M., Udaeja, C., Rameezdeen, R., McCuen, T. L. (2016). “BIM Adoption within Australian Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs):  an innovation diffusion model.” Journal of Construction Economics and Building, Vol. 16, No. 3, 71-86. Abstract 

Lawhon, M., Silver, J., Ernstson, H., Pierce, J. (2016). “Unlearning (un)located ideas in the provincialization of urban theory.” Regional Studies 50(9) 1611-1622. Abstract

Little, S. E., Loon, L., Amoroso, N. (2016). “The Hybrid Zone in Divergent and Convergent Thinking.” Representing Landscapes: Hybrid Routledge, 72-85.

Lowery, B. C. (2016). “Planning for Private Consumption and Collective Beauty: Regulating outdoor advertising in Los Angeles, 1881-2014.” Journal of Planning History, Vol. 15, No. 3, 191 – 209. Article 

Lowery, B. C., Sloane, D. C., Payan, D., Illum, J., Lewis, L. B. (2016). “Do Farmers’ Markets Increase Access to Healthy Foods? Assessing the nutritional environment at 24 markets in Los Angeles.” Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 82, No. 3, 252-266. Abstract 

McCuen, T. L., Pober, E. F. (2016). “Process and Structure:  Performance Impacts on Collaborative Interdisciplinary Team Experiences.” Journal of Information Technology in Construction, Vol. 21, 177-187. Article (PDF)

Perrenoud, A. J., Sullivan, K. T. (2016). “Analysis of Executive Succession Planning in 12 Construction Companies.” International Journal of Construction Education and Research, Vol 13., No.1, 64-80. Abstract 

Person, A. (2016.) “Interview with Hans Butzer and Torrey Butzer, Designers of the Oklahoma City National Memorial,” in Social Science Quarterly (97) 1, pp. 86-95.

Pierce, J., Lawhon, M. (2016). “What do you mean when you say “urban”? Divergence between everyday language and Northern analytical vocabularies in South African cities.” Die Erde 147(4) 284-289. Abstract

Pierce, J., Williams, O.R. (2016). “Against power? Distinguishing between acquisitive resistance and subversion.” Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 98(3) 171-188. Abstract

Pierce, J., Williams, O.R., Martin, D.G. (2016). “Rights in places: an analytical extension of the right to the city.” Geoforum 70(2016) 79-88. Abstract

Shadravan, S., Ramseyer, C. (2016). “Bending Capacity of Cold Formed Z-Purlins Supporting a Standing Seam Roof System with Torsional Bracing.” Journal of Structural Integrity and Maintenance, Vol. 1, No. 4, 177-188. Abstract 

Shadravan, S., Ramseyer, C., Kang, T. (2016). “Dimensional Stability of Concrete Slabs-on-Ground.”, 53-65. Abstract 

Wachter, H.-P. G., Keesee, M. S., Holliday, L. M. (2016). “Evaluating School Building User Needs.” Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture Research, Vol. 3, No. 10.

Ward, J. A., Pilat, S. Z. (2016). “Terror, Trauma, Memory: Reflections on the Oklahoma City Bombing. An Introduction”. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 97, No. 1, 1-8. Preview 

Williams, O.R., Pierce, J. (2016). “Iterative parallelism as research praxis: embracing the discursive incommensurability of scholarship and everyday politics.” Area 48(2) 222-228. Abstract

Read more